Making sure the teeth are clean and healthy is one of the most crucial things we need to keep in mind when it comes to optimal oral health. No matter how well we brush and floss our teeth, microbes may get left behind in the mouth in the hard to reach corners, on the rear teeth, or at the intersection of two teeth. The microbes combine with the saliva in the mouth and deposit as a transparent or yellowish layer on your pearly whites, called plaque. If plaque is allowed to stay on the teeth for a long time, it can turn into tartar or calculus.
What is tartar?
Tartar is the dark patches present on the teeth, especially near the gum line or at the intersection of two teeth. It is filled with thousands of microbes that release harmful toxins while feeding on the food debris in the mouth. These toxins are acidic and can cause cavities and gum diseases such as periodontitis and gingivitis. Hence, it is essential to remove tartar at regular intervals, preferably at least once in six months.
Importance of dental cleaning
- Cleaning the teeth to get rid of the tartar deposits significantly reduces the chances of developing cavities.
- Patients who are suffering from gum diseases experience relief after getting dental cleaning done, as the soft gum tissues heal better without the presence of microbes.
- Getting rid of the microbes helps to keep bad breath away.
- Removing the dark tartar patches enhances the esthetics of one’s smile.
How is dental cleaning done?
The teeth are cleaned by means of two distinct procedures, namely scaling and root planing. The dentist will visually examine the teeth and spot the tartar deposits. With the help of a hand-held ultrasonic scaling device, the tartar deposits will be removed meticulously, and the removed debris will be washed off using a jet of water. The process is painless, non-invasive, and takes very little time to be completed.
The tooth roots may also require cleaning if you have deeper gum pockets. This is usually the case when you have gum diseases, which results in the gum tissues loosening from the teeth. The food debris and microbes tend to accumulate in the gum pockets, which eventually give rise to tartar deposits. They can be removed through a process called root planing, which is performed using a hook-like scaling tip. The scaling tip will carefully be inserted between the gums and tooth roots, and the tartar will be scrapped.
To have a consultation with our dentist, please schedule an online appointment or call us at (505) 867-3999, and we will be happy to help.